As the Confederate Army retreated from Gettysburg, Pa., on July 4, 1863, they encountered Union troops in the area of Blue Ridge Summit, Pa., and a two-day battle ensued in the middle of a thunderstorm that eventually spilled over the Mason-Dixon Line into Maryland.
“It is the only battle fought on both sides of the Mason-Dixon Line,” said John Miller, director of the Monterey Pass Battlefield Museum in Blue Ridge Summit.
While lots of books, movies and stories have focused on the importance of the three-day Battle of Gettysburg, little light has been shined on how the Confederate Army made its retreat south from the battlefield through enemy troops with weary men. The Battle of Monterey Pass involved about 4,500 men with 1,300 of them winding up as Union prisoners and 43 soldiers being killed, wounded or missing. Major Charles K. Capehart of the 1st West Virginia also earned…
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