Art Wednesday: Angelica Kauffmann, Swiss Painter

Self-Portrait A. Kauffmann, 1780-85 Oil on canvas, 77 x 63 cm The Hermitage, St. Petersburg

Self-Portrait
A. Kauffmann, 1780-85
Oil on canvas, 77 x 63 cm
The Hermitage, St. Petersburg

Angelica (Maria Anna Catharina) Kauffmann, 1741 to 1807, was a Swiss painter raised in Austria in the early Neoclassical style who is best known for her decorative wall paintings for residences designed by Robert Adam.

The daughter of painter Johann Joseph Kauffmann, Angelica was a precocious child and a talented musician and painter by her 12th year. Her early paintings were influenced by the French Rococo works of Henri Gravelot and François Boucher. In 1754 and 1763 she visited Italy, and while in Rome she was influenced by the Neoclassicism of Anton Raphael Mengs.

Venus Induces Helen to Fall in Love with Paris A. Kauffman, 1790 Oil on canvas, 102 x 128 cm The Hermitage, St. Petersburg

Venus Induces Helen to Fall in Love with Paris
A. Kauffman, 1790
Oil on canvas, 102 x 128 cm
The Hermitage, St. Petersburg

She was induced by Lady Wentworth, wife of the English ambassador, to accompany her to London in 1766. She was well received and was particularly favored by the royal family. Sir Joshua Reynolds became a close friend, and most of the numerous portraits and self-portraits done in her English period were influenced by his style of portrait painting. Her name is found among the signatories to the petition for the establishment of the Royal Academy, and in its first catalog of 1769 she is listed as a member.

Bacchus and Ariadne A. Kauffmann, c. 1790s Oil on canvas Private collection In Roman mythology, It was Ariadne, the daughter of King Minos of Crete, who helped Theseus, whom she loved, to escape from the labyrinth with the aid of a ball of string, but all she had in return was to be abandoned by him on the island of Naxos. Here Bacchus came to her rescue. Classical representations show Ariadne asleep when Bacchus arrives, as described by Philostratus.

Bacchus and Ariadne
A. Kauffmann, c. 1790s
Oil on canvas
Private collection
In Roman mythology, it was Ariadne, the daughter of King Minos of Crete, who helped Theseus, whom she loved, to escape from the labyrinth with the aid of a ball of string, but all she had in return was to be abandoned by him on the island of Naxos. Here Bacchus came to her rescue. Classical representations show Ariadne asleep when Bacchus arrives, as described by Philostratus.

During the 1770s Kauffmann was one of a team of artists who supplied the painted decorations for Adam-designed interiors (e.g., the house at 20 Portman Square, London; now the Courtauld Institute Galleries). Kauffmann retired to Rome in the early 1780s with her second husband, the Venetian painter Antonio Zucchi.

Kauffmann’s pastoral and mythological compositions portray gods and goddesses in a delicate and graceful if somewhat insipid fashion. Her paintings are Rococo in tone and approach, though her figures are given Neoclassical poses and draperies. Kauffmann’s portraits of female sitters are among her finest works.

On the Web: Angelica Kauffmann

Crash

Advertisements