History in photos…
April 10, 1912 (103 years ago)
TITANIC leaves Southampton on her maiden voyage.. As we all know – it was also her last.. It is estimated that 1,500 passengers and crew members perished with her.
Juha Niilo Panula, 7, was born on 1 September 1904. The son of Juha and Maria Panula, he boarded the Titanic at Southampton with his mother and four brothers. They were travelling to Coal Centre, Pittsburg, Pennsylvania to join their father. None of the family would survive….
Juha’s body was never found. Neither were those of his Mother or siblings.
This photograph is the last known picture of RMS Titanic on the surface of the ocean. It was taken during her maiden voyage at Crosshaven, Ireland, just after the vessel departed Queenstown where it had stopped before heading westwards towards New York. Photo taken on April 12th, 1912. Three days after this photo was taken 1,514 people would be dead and the Titanic would be on the bottom of the North Atlantic after colliding with an iceberg in one of the deadliest peacetime maritime disasters in history.
According to Time Magazine, the above photo was taken by Irish Jesuit priest Francis Browne who sailed with the ship for the first leg of its journey, from Southampton (England) to Cobh (Ireland) then called Queenstown. The priest would have stayed for the remainder of the transatlantic journey too, having received an offer of a ticket from a wealthy family he befriended while on board. When Browne reached Cobh, however, he received a note from his clerical superior, ordering him to return to his station immediately rather than sail on with Titanic.
Irish Jesuit priest Francis Browne
The gym on the Titanic.
Third class passengers on Titanic’s “poop deck,” the deck area allotted for third class (Third class passengers were not allowed in the second or first class areas).
Captain John Smith and passenger Emilio Portaluppi – the real life inspiration for the Titanic love story (but not between the two of them).
Before becoming 44, Titanic’s most celebrated survivor, Molly Brown knew both rags and riches; born to a Missouri ditch-digger, she headed west and married a successful gold miner.
Mary Astor (wife of John Jacob– wealthy American killed on the Titanic) wrong …..”she was NOT killed she was saved by him, they were coming back from their honeymoon. She was with child and later had his son”
John Jacob “Jakey” Astor VI (1912–1992) American socialite & businessman. Dubbed the “Titanic Baby”, best known for his affiliation with the RMS Titanic, being an unborn survivor of the sinking. He was born four months after his father, John Jacob Astor IV, died in the sinking of the Titanic, whose estate was around $100 million (equivalent to $2,418,965,517 in 2013). Jakey inherited $3 million on his 21st birthday, which by that point had grown to $5 million (equivalent to $90,167,095 in 2013)
RMS Titanic hits iceberg and sinks at 2:27 AM.
This picture – preserved by Topham Picturepoint/Press Association Image – is particularly striking. It is one of the photos that (allegedly) shows the iceberg which the Titanic collided into at 11.40pm 103 years ago, 14 April, 1912. (sinking the 15th at 2:27)
It was located at latitude 41-46N, longitude 50-14W, off the coast of Newfoundland. Newspaper reports of the time said that the visible part of the iceberg – that above the waterline – was anywhere between 50 to 100 feet high and 200 to 400 feet long.
This photo was taken by a Captain De Carteret of the Minia, one of a few cable ships — vessels ordinarily used to lay deep sea cables, such as those for telecommunications — sent to the site of the shipwreck to recover corpses and debris. He spotted a line of red paint along the bottom of the iceberg, showing where it had made contact with Titanic. Survivors’ descriptions of the iceberg triangulated to confirm that it was indeed the iceberg that they had struck.
Titanic Survivors Charlotte Collyer and her 8-year-old daughter Marjorie after they finally made it to America.
She has a White Star Line blanket on her lap.
Editor’s note: While I have literally hundreds of photos relevant to the RMS Titanic, I will save them for another time, perhaps a special post of the victims (many of whom were children). Meanwhile, there were other noteworthy historical anniversaries this week…
A recruiting poster for the Pony Express.
A 4-cent Pony Express stamp.
1899 : Aerial view of Times Square, before the Flat Iron building was completed in 1902, New York.
Dec 1934 : Vintage photograph of a young boy feeding pigeons in Trafalgar Square, London
Photograph by Harold Tomlin for the Daily Herald.
1935: The look of sheer love and joy in kitty cats face – clearly moggy couldn’t think of anything he’d like to do better, than to play dress up!
First dancing lessons.
1955 : Special school for deaf-mute children that teaches them to hear through their vibratory senses, Zurich, Switzerland
1890’s : Vintage picture of a beautiful Victorian child.
1936 : Little girl holds a toad at an animal show in Venice Beach, Los Angeles
Sundown on the evening of Wednesday, April 15th signaled the beginning of Yom Hashoah: Holocaust Memorial Day. The full name of the day commemorating the victims of the Holocaust is “Yom Hashoah Ve-Hagevurah” — literally the “Day of (Remembrance of) the Holocaust and the Heroism.” It is marked on the 27th day in the month of Nisan–a week after the seventh day of Passover.
Every year on International Holocaust Remembrance Day, it is important to remember that the Germans and their collaborators killed over a million Jewish children. They are not forgotten:
1944 : Portrait of a young Jewish girl, Florika Liebman from Szeged (Hungary) shortly before her deportation.
Florika was born in 1934 and she later was killed along with her mother in April 1945 along with 38 other victims, in the village of Weissenbach by retreating SS soldiers.
Nov 1941 : A Studio portrait of a young Jewish girl, Eva Nemova from Prague shortly before her deportation.
Eva was born in 1937 and she later died at Auschwitz in 1944.
March 1933 : The last picture taken of Anne, Edith, and Margot Frank in Germany, prior to emigrating to Netherlands.
Anne Frank is 3 years, 9 months old. They are standing in the Hauptwache square in the center of Frankfurt am Main.
Anna Zakrzewska served with the Polish underground army as a courier and a medical orderly.
Zakrzewska’s underground code name was Hanka Biała (White Hannah). She received training at the end of June and in July 1944 in the Wyszkowa forest. She was killed in the course of desperate combat during the Warsaw Uprising, aged 18.
Concentration camp survivor – This little girl was asked to draw a picture of her home, while living in a residence for disturbed children in Poland 1948.
As you can see, she no longer has any concept of what ‘home’ is (or was).
Sep 1941 : A father with his four starving children in a Warsaw ghetto street, Poland. Their mother died few weeks ago
Photographer Willy Georg served as a radio operator in the Wehrmacht and was posted in Warsaw. In the summer of 1941 when his unit was stationed in Warsaw, Georg was issued a pass by one of his officers and instructed to enter the enclosed ghetto and bring back photos of what he saw. Georg shot four rolls of film and began to shoot a fifth when he was stopped by a detachment of German police(Gestapo).
Failing to check his pockets for finished rolls of film, Gestapo confiscated only the film in his camera before escorting him out of the ghetto. Georg developed the four rolls of film himself at a lab in Warsaw and sent them home to his wife in Muenster. He kept the existence of these photographs to himself for the next fifty years. In the late 1980s or early 90s, Georg met Rafael Scharf, a Polish Jew from London working in the field of Polish-Jewish studies, and gave him his Warsaw ghetto photographs. Scharf then published a selection of these photographs in his “In the Warsaw Ghetto: Summer 1941,” Aperture, 1993.
1944 : Portrait of Istvan Reiner, taken before he was killed in Auschwitz. He was born in Hungary (Miskolc city) in 1940.
Istvan arrived at Auschwitz with his mother, Livia, and her mother. Other inmates convinced Livia to give the boy to his grandmother and go through selection alone. She was chosen for forced labor and survived the war. Istvan and his grandmother were gassed.
Nationality: French (Jewish)
Residence: Paris, France.
Cause: Murdered in Auschwitz (buried in Auschwitz death camp)
Age: 2 years.
Anne Frank, with her mother, Edith, circa 1932-33.
Gabor Neumann was born on February 10th, 1940 in Bekescsaba, Hungary. The son of Elek and Margit Neumann, Gabor was just four years old when he was deported to Auschwitz and murdered on June 29th, 1944.
The last glimpse.
May 1944 : A Gypsy girl (Settela) staring out of a deportation train to Auschwitz, Westerbork, Holland
Her name is Settela Steinbach, born in Limburg, Holland. She died in Auschwitz, Poland on the night of 2nd Aug 1944 along with her mother and her 9 brothers and sisters.
Jan 1942 : 16 year old partisan Slavoljub Kovach (kovic) photographed by the SS before his execution, Macva District, Serbia, Yugoslavia.
Slavoljub was a partisan of the National Liberation Army from the village Bogatići. Due to his defiance for not telling the names of his comrades, Slavoljub was tortured and had a star carved with a knife on his forehead (representing the communist ideology).
Soon after liberation, an emaciated child survivor is carried out of camp barracks by Soviet first-aid workers. Auschwitz, Poland, after January 27, 1945.
Feb 1941 : A Jewish boy playing a violin to support himself in the Warsaw ghetto, Poland
The boy lost his whole family 3 months ago when the ghetto was established.
1942 : A rare image of Anne Frank who pokes her head out of the window of the family’s flat in Amsterdam
The Frank family moved from Germany to Amsterdam in 1933, the year the Nazis gained control over Germany. By May 1940, they were trapped in Amsterdam by the German occupation of the Netherlands.
1945 : Picture of a 5 year old boy wearing a prisoner’s uniform taken after liberation, Auschwitz Concentration Camp, Poland
A triangular badge with a number is sewn to the uniform.
1941 : Starving sisters sitting on the pavement in the Warsaw ghetto, Poland. The small girl died after one week
The picture was taken by Heinz ., a German soldier (Wehrmacht) posted in the Warsaw area in 1941.