Sacred Sunday: 13th Century English Cathedrals

Lincoln Cathedral (in full The Cathedral Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Lincoln, or sometimes St. Mary’s Cathedral)

Exterior view 1220-40 Photo Cathedral, Lincoln Lincoln Cathedral is a historic cathedral located in Lincoln in England and seat of the Bishop of Lincoln in the Church of England. Building commenced in 1088 and continued in several phases throughout the medieval period. It was reputedly the tallest building in the world for 238 years (1311–1549).

Exterior view
1220-40
Photo
Cathedral, Lincoln
Lincoln Cathedral is a historic cathedral located in Lincoln in England and seat of the Bishop of Lincoln in the Church of England. Building commenced in 1088 and continued in several phases throughout the medieval period. It was reputedly the tallest building in the world for 238 years (1311–1549).

Exterior view 1220-40 Photo Cathedral, Lincoln

Exterior view
1220-40
Photo
Cathedral, Lincoln

Exterior view 1220-40 Photo Cathedral, Lincoln The picture shows Lincoln Cathedral as seen from the Castle Hill in Lincoln.

Exterior view
1220-40
Photo
Cathedral, Lincoln
The picture shows Lincoln Cathedral as seen from the Castle Hill in Lincoln.

Interior view 1220-40 Photo Cathedral, Lincoln The central spire collapsed in 1549 and was not rebuilt. The picture shows the nave of the Cathedral. English Gothic architects consistently favoured greater complexity. At Lincoln seven vault-ribs spring from one point instead of three, as was normal in France.

Interior view
1220-40
Photo
Cathedral, Lincoln
The central spire collapsed in 1549 and was not rebuilt.
The picture shows the nave of the Cathedral. English Gothic architects consistently favored greater complexity. At Lincoln seven vault-ribs spring from one point instead of three, as was normal in France.

Interior view 1220-40 Photo Cathedral, Lincoln The picture shows the nave of the Cathedral. English Gothic architects consistently favored greater complexity.

Interior view
1220-40
Photo
Cathedral, Lincoln
The picture shows the nave of the Cathedral. English Gothic architects consistently favored greater complexity.

Salisbury Cathedral

Exterior view begun 1220 Photo Cathedral, Salisbury The foundation stones of the cathedral were laid on 28th April 1220. The first part to be completed was the three eastern chapels named for St Stephen, Trinity, and St Peter. The main body of the cathedral was finished by the consecration on 29 September 1258. But the whole project also included the west front, the cloisters, the chapter house, and the (now demolished) detached bell tower. All of these were probably completed by 1266. The cathedral has the tallest church spire in the United Kingdom (123m). The plan of Salisbury Cathedral is characteristically expansive, in contrast to the compact outline of a French Gothic cathedral.

Exterior view
begun 1220
Photo
Cathedral, Salisbury
The foundation stones of the cathedral were laid on 28th April 1220. The first part to be completed was the three eastern chapels named for St Stephen, Trinity, and St Peter. The main body of the cathedral was finished by the consecration on 29 September 1258. But the whole project also included the west front, the cloisters, the chapter house, and the (now demolished) detached bell tower. All of these were probably completed by 1266. The cathedral has the tallest church spire in the United Kingdom (123m).
The plan of Salisbury Cathedral is characteristically expansive, in contrast to the compact outline of a French Gothic cathedral.

Exterior view begun 1220 Photo Cathedral, Salisbury

Exterior view
begun 1220
Photo
Cathedral, Salisbury

Exterior view begun 1220 Photo Cathedral, Salisbury The picture shows the nave of Salisbury Cathedral in Wiltshire, England, looking east from the font.

Exterior view
begun 1220
Photo
Cathedral, Salisbury
The picture shows the nave of Salisbury Cathedral in Wiltshire, England, looking east from the font.

Wells Cathedral

Exterior view begun c. 1230 Photo Cathedral, Wells The architecture of the cathedral presents a harmonious whole which is entirely Gothic and mostly in a single style, the Early English Gothic of the late 12th and early 13th centuries. The picture shows the west front (30m high, 45m wide) of the Wells Cathedral. It is wider than the nave behind it, it is a screen for sculpture, and the single entrance portal is quite insignificant. The exterior has an Early English façade displaying more than three hundred sculpted figures. Originally all these façades would have been brightly colored, the figures painted naturalistically and the background in vivid reds and blues.

Exterior view
begun c. 1230
Photo
Cathedral, Wells
The architecture of the cathedral presents a harmonious whole which is entirely Gothic and mostly in a single style, the Early English Gothic of the late 12th and early 13th centuries.
The picture shows the west front (30m high, 45m wide) of the Wells Cathedral. It is wider than the nave behind it, it is a screen for sculpture, and the single entrance portal is quite insignificant. The exterior has an Early English façade displaying more than three hundred sculpted figures. Originally all these façades would have been brightly colored, the figures painted naturalistically and the background in vivid reds and blues.

Exterior view begun c. 1230 Photo Cathedral, Wells

Exterior view
begun c. 1230
Photo
Cathedral, Wells

Interior view begun c. 1230 Photo Cathedral, Wells The architecture of the cathedral presents a harmonious whole which is entirely Gothic and mostly in a single style, the Early English Gothic of the late 12th and early 13th centuries. The picture shows the Gothic nave looking east, with the famous scissor arches added in 1338.

Interior view
begun c. 1230
Photo
Cathedral, Wells
The architecture of the cathedral presents a harmonious whole which is entirely Gothic and mostly in a single style, the Early English Gothic of the late 12th and early 13th centuries.
The picture shows the Gothic nave looking east, with the famous scissor arches added in 1338.

Exeter Cathedral

Exterior view c. 1310 Photo Cathedral, Exeter The present building was complete by about 1400, and has several notable features, including an early set of misericords, an astronomical clock and the longest uninterrupted vaulted ceiling in England.

Exterior view
c. 1310
Photo
Cathedral, Exeter
The present building was complete by about 1400, and has several notable features, including an early set of misericords, an astronomical clock and the longest uninterrupted vaulted ceiling in England.

Crash

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