#MilitaryMonday: Allied POW Monopoly and Other Images

monopoly

“Monopoly” board games helped thousands of Allied POWs escape German camps.

Germany allowed the Red Cross to send care packages to POWs(not Russians/Polish) and among the items that could to be sent were board games. Special Monopoly boxes were created that contained items to help the prisoners escape:

– German, French, and Italian money currency was hidden within the Monopoly money.

– A metal file, hidden within the board.

– A small compass hidden in a play piece

– Silk maps of the prison and it’s location hidden inside the hotel pieces.

Military Monday Images:

Jimmy Stewart and his father Alexander Stewart in front of the family hardware store in September 1945. Jimmy was expected to continue his father's business, which had been in the family for three generations. Jimmy however had other plans.  Despite his movie career, he remained in the U.S. Air Force Reserves, retiring as a Brigadier General.

Jimmy Stewart and his father Alexander Stewart in front of the family hardware store in September 1945. Jimmy was expected to continue his father’s business, which had been in the family for three generations. Jimmy however had other plans.
Despite his movie career, he remained in the U.S. Air Force Reserves, retiring as a Brigadier General.

July 1944 : Odette Billy teaches correct French pronunciation to T/5 Mel. White Harlan, Iowa (left) and M.P. Pvt. William Barrs, Rt5, (Dublin), in Isigny, France

July 1944 : Odette Billy teaches correct French pronunciation to T/5 Mel. White Harlan, Iowa (left) and M.P. Pvt. William Barrs, Rt5, (Dublin), in Isigny, France

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July 1943 : British soldiers are warmly greeted by Italian children during the Allied Invasion of Sicily, Province of Syracuse, Italy.

Dec 1944 : American soldiers watch a B-29 Superfortress heavy bomber take off from the now Allied controlled island of Saipan in the Pacific. Saipan, Northern Mariana Islands

Dec 1944 : American soldiers watch a B-29 Superfortress heavy bomber take off from the now Allied controlled island of Saipan in the Pacific. Saipan, Northern Mariana Islands

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USS Long Island (ACV-1) underway with a mixed cargo of planes and stores, 25 May 1943. Planes include F4F’s, SBD’s and TBF’s. National Archives photograph, 80-G-83216.

1917 : A very young member of the Irish Guards, pictured at Waterford Barracks with the regiment's mascot, an Irish Wolfhound named Leitrim Boy.  Leitrim Boy was born on Tuesday, 12 November 1907, and was 9 years old when this photo was taken.

1917 : A very young member of the Irish Guards, pictured at Waterford Barracks with the regiment’s mascot, an Irish Wolfhound named Leitrim Boy.
Leitrim Boy was born on Tuesday, 12 November 1907, and was 9 years old when this photo was taken.

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July 1944 : Royal Air Force, 2nd Tactical Air Force Wing Commander J E Johnson, leader of No. 144 (Canadian) Wing RAF, rests on the the wing of his Supermarine Spitfire Mark IX with his Labrador retriever Sally, between sorties at B2/Bazenville, Normandy

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July 1944: A French woman prays for lost loved ones in a church following the Battle of Cherbourg, Lower Normandy, France. The Battle of Cherbourg was part of the larger Battle of Normandy and was fought immediately after the successful Allied landings.

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Oct 1944 : An American Dive Bomber Curtiss Helldiver from 7-th bombardment Squadron after a crash landing on the USS Hancock

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French partisans celebrate taking of Marseille with ‘V’ for Victory Sign.” Note the American soldiers are celebrating with the US flag hanging from the bridge. U.S. Army Signal Corps photograph, from the collection of The National WWII Museum.

An armed French partisan emotionally embraces 2nd Lt Jack Willis of Kingston, Iowa, whom he found uninjured after he shot at the officer mistaking an advance Yank armored spearhead for retreating Germans.  U.S. Army Signal Corps photograph, from the collection of The National WWII Museum.

An armed French partisan emotionally embraces 2nd Lt Jack Willis of Kingston, Iowa, whom he found uninjured after he shot at the officer mistaking an advance Yank armored spearhead for retreating Germans.
U.S. Army Signal Corps photograph, from the collection of The National WWII Museum.

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August 1945 : A young Filipino Resistance fighter poses with a flag of the United States Army Forces in the Far East following the routing of Japanese occupying forces from her province, Central Luzon, Philippines. Tarlac was recaptured piece by piece by combined Filipino and American troops together with the recognized Filipino guerrilla fighters against the Japanese Imperial forces.

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1973 : Operation Homecoming; the return of 591 prisoners of war held by North Vietnam back to American soil.

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Aug 8, 1944, France. Grave of American pilot, w/rounds from a 50cal machine gun of his P-47 Thunderbolt

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Lyudmila Mikhailivna Pavlichenko was the most successful & feared woman sniper of World War Two.

After moving to Kiev with her family at the age of 14, she became a metal grinder at the Kiev Arsenal factory. When Nazi Germany invaded Russia during Operation Barbarossa in 1941 the 24 year old Pavlichenko was studying history at the Kiev University, she was one of the first volunteers at the recruiting office and she requested service in the infantry.

The recruitment officer looked bewilderingly at her, Lyudmila Pavlichenko was quite a beautiful young woman with stylish clothes and a trendy hairstyle, she told the recruiter that she wished to join an active infantry unit and to carry a rifle. The recruiter apparently gave her a warm hearted look and smiled saying that perhaps she should join the field nurse unit instead. Pavlichenko became one of 2,000 female snipers in the Red Army, as Russia utilized women in warfare with almost the same manner as they did men, this is something that never happened in the west and is unfamiliar to westerners.

Pavlichenko officially confirmed German kills amounted to a total of 309, this amazing figure also included 36 German snipers…one of whom had himself notched over 500 Soviet kills after she retrieved his detailed log book after killing him. She also killed many high ranking German Officers, everyone who she shot and killed knew nothing about it, as their deaths were so fast.

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June 1945: German SS guards, exhausted from their forced labour clearing the bodies of the dead, are allowed a brief rest by British soldiers but are forced to take it by lying face down in one of the empty mass graves. Bergen-Belsen, Nnorthern Germany

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Dick Winters and Easy Company (Band of Brothers) at the Eagle’s Nest, Hitler’s residence.

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April 1945 Members of the Royal Australian Air Force squadron of Beaufighters, Scotland.

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October 1941 : A fond farewell for this little boy from a guardsman who is returning to duty after leave, London station. The little boy seems to have forgotten his trousers in the excitement of the moment.

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1944 : A British nurse assisting a wounded Allied Soldier and a Stug III Tank laying on the side after heavy bombing, France.

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1941 : Filipino women of the first Women Guerrilla corps practicing at a rifle range in Manila, Philippines.

1943 : Róża Maria Goździewska (nickname the "little nurse") - outside the field hospital of the Koszta Company, wearing a Polish emblem and red cross armband during Warsaw Uprising, Poland Roza was 8 years old at the time of the uprising and lived to tell the tale. She died in France in 1989, at the age of 53.

1943 : Róża Maria Goździewska (nickname the “little nurse”) – outside the field hospital of the Koszta Company, wearing a Polish emblem and red cross armband during Warsaw Uprising, Poland
Roza was 8 years old at the time of the uprising and lived to tell the tale. She died in France in 1989, at the age of 53.

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Curtiss P-40E Kittyhawk fighters of the American Volunteer Group during World War II.

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Result of the American bombardment of Naha, Okinawa, Japan, on June 13, 1945.

Crash

#MilitaryMonday: June 1944 – Invasion of Saipan

Saipan Invasion, 15 June 1944. LCVPs approach the landing beaches on “D-Day,” 15 June 1944, National Archives photograph, 80-G-231821.

Saipan Invasion, 15 June 1944. LCVPs approach the landing beaches on “D-Day,” 15 June 1944, National Archives photograph, 80-G-231821.

On June 15, 1944, following intensive naval gunfire and carrier-based aircraft bombing, the Fifth Fleet’s Task Force 52 lands the Marines on Saipan, which is the first relatively large and heavily defended land mass in the Central Pacific to be assaulted by US amphibious forces. Among the ships firing gun support were battleships USS Tennessee (BB-43) and USS California (BB-44). 

The island is secured on July 9.

Inching In (The Beach at Saipan, June 1944) Robert Benney #13 Oil on canvas Gift of Abbott Laboratories 88-159-AR Courtesy of the Navy Art Collection.

Inching In (The Beach at Saipan, June 1944)
Robert Benney #13
Oil on canvas
Gift of Abbott Laboratories
88-159-AR
Courtesy of the Navy Art Collection.

Saipan Invasion, 15 June 1944. Marines take cover on the beach while awaiting the arrival of following waves, during the initial assault, 15 June 1944. Note LVT at left. This view is also available from the U.S. Marine Corps as USMC 81716. National Archives photograph, 80-G-234712.

Saipan Invasion, 15 June 1944. Marines take cover on the beach while awaiting the arrival of following waves, during the initial assault, 15 June 1944. Note LVT at left. This view is also available from the U.S. Marine Corps as USMC 81716. National Archives photograph, 80-G-234712.

USS Tennessee (BB-43). Underway in Puget Sound, Washington, on 12 May 1943, after modernization. Note the greatly increased beam that was one element of this work. Tennessee provided gunfire support for the Saipan invasion. Photograph from the Bureau of Ships Collection in the U.S. National Archives, 19-N-45071.

USS Tennessee (BB-43). Underway in Puget Sound, Washington, on 12 May 1943, after modernization. Note the greatly increased beam that was one element of this work. Tennessee provided gunfire support for the Saipan invasion. Photograph from the Bureau of Ships Collection in the U.S. National Archives, 19-N-45071.

Saipan Invasion, 15 June 1944. 5”/38 guns of a covering Naval ship point toward Mount Tapotchau during landing operations on “D-Day, National Archives photograph, 80-G-231837.

Saipan Invasion, 15 June 1944. 5”/38 guns of a covering Naval ship point toward Mount Tapotchau during landing operations on “D-Day, National Archives photograph, 80-G-231837.

Saipan Invasion, 15 June 1944. USS Lexington (CV-16) SBD Dive Bombers fly over the invasion of fleet off Saipan, on “D-Day.” National Archives Photograph, 80-G-236958.

Saipan Invasion, 15 June 1944. USS Lexington (CV-16) SBD Dive Bombers fly over the invasion of fleet off Saipan, on “D-Day.” National Archives Photograph, 80-G-236958.

USS California (BB-44). Underway at eight knots in the Straits of Juan de Fuca, Washington, on 25 January 1944. The ship is painted in camouflage Measure 32, Design 16-D. USS California provided gunfire support for the Saipan invasion. Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives, 80-G-211831.

USS California (BB-44). Underway at eight knots in the Straits of Juan de Fuca, Washington, on 25 January 1944. The ship is painted in camouflage Measure 32, Design 16-D. USS California provided gunfire support for the Saipan invasion. Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives, 80-G-211831.

USS Lexington (CV-16). Photographed from USS Cowpens (CVL-25) during raids in the Marshalls and Gilberts Islands, November-December 1943. She is painted in camouflage Measure 21. In June 1944, she participated in the Saipan Invasion. Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives, 80-G-K-102 (Color).

USS Lexington (CV-16). Photographed from USS Cowpens (CVL-25) during raids in the Marshalls and Gilberts Islands, November-December 1943. She is painted in camouflage Measure 21. In June 1944, she participated in the Saipan Invasion. Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives, 80-G-K-102 (Color).

Saipan Invasion, 15 June 1944. USS Lexington (CV-16) SBD Dive Bomber flies over Tanapag Harbor, Saipan, during the “D-Day” landings. Maniagassa Islet is in lower right, National Archives Photograph, 80-G-236951.

Saipan Invasion, 15 June 1944. USS Lexington (CV-16) SBD Dive Bomber flies over Tanapag Harbor, Saipan, during the “D-Day” landings. Maniagassa Islet is in lower right, National Archives Photograph, 80-G-236951.

Crash